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Lightbulb Extraction Process Of Cannabis
Posted by: admin - 10-06-2021, 05:13 AM - Forum: Gardening General - No Replies

[Image: extraction-process-of-cannabis.png]

Traditional botanical extractions are having the objective of providing the extracts in a readily usable form. There have been using of numerous methods for the creation of marijuana concentrates. You must have an understanding of desired results and causes behind using the extracts. For instance, recreational, therapeutic, or medical.

There is a requirement of choosing the extraction process within a marijuana processing plant. For instance, ethanol, hydrocarbon, supercritical fluid, or solvent-less. An understanding of the physicochemical attributes, for instance, color, clarity, aroma, viscosity, or cannabinoid potency. It is along with a pharmaceutical-grade formulation or a high-end consumable, these are the factors that drive the quality of the product. Regardless of whether the product is a kind of crude extract, it will assist in making decisions about how to design a marijuana extraction process.

There are three key stages when designing a marijuana extraction process. These are mainly extraction, preprocessing, and purification. These will affect the properties of the resulting extracts of marijuana. It becomes much more straightforward to make decisions about those stages. It is when you have a better understanding of the requirements of the end product.

The Basics Of Marijuana Extracts or Concentrates

The major objective of marijuana extraction is to do the separation and collection of the desirable plant compounds. For instance, terpenes and cannabinoids from the plant matrix. You can do the utilization of different extraction for dividing plant material into extracts. For instance, cannabinoids and terpenes. These deliver scents, appealing flavors, and effects.

There could be an impact of drying and storage of marijuana raw material on the quality of the finished extracts. If the objective is to serve the traditional cured flavor of marijuana. Then identification of the optimal temperature, moisture, and humidity content will drive the development of that process step.

The key is the identification of how to undertake and measure the process step. For instance, terpene and moisture content. Another crucial processing step is the reduction in the size of the raw material. This step can bring improvement in the efficiency and quality of a marijuana extraction process. The main objective of this process step is to reduce the particle size of the material the extraction of which has to happen. It results in an enhanced surface area which is available for the extraction of solvent.

The major objective of the extraction process is to facilitate the bioactive components of the marijuana raw material. It is as close to its natural state as it is possible in the finished extract while doing the optimization of the efficiency of the extraction process.

There are numerous size-reduction of variables the requirement of which might occur for comparison. For instance, low-speed grinding versus high-speed grinding, room temperature versus chilled, milling versus grinding. If you have an understanding of the extraction of target compounds before and after the size reduction process. Then it will assist in the minimization of the degradation which results from oxidative or thermal damage.

Normally, solvent-based extractions for instance CO2, hydrocarbon, and ethanol do creation of concentrates which refers to as oil. Some of these extraction methods are quite difficult, expensive, and risky. Everyone should have the analytical skills and equipment for performing the extraction processes effectively and safely. There is a requirement for the analysis of extractions. It should be from a professional testing laboratory for ensuring the final product is safe for humans to do the consumption.

Extraction Methods of Cannabis

The extraction process is the heart of any marijuana processing plant. It will have an impact on every physiochemical attribute of the marijuana extract which is in process. It will represent a crucial portion of the capital outlay which has an association with the processing plant. Extraction methods are inclusive of light hydrocarbon extraction, supercritical CO2 extraction, and ethanol extraction.

There has been a common use of light hydrocarbon, for instance, propane and butane. The reason is its minimal equipment method and low running cost. This solvent system serves with the fast extraction. It can also be selective for terpenes and cannabinoids with limited co-extraction of other potentially unwanted compounds. For instance, plant waxes and chlorophyll. It is from the marijuana raw material. Light hydrocarbon extraction systems might be like in the middle of the road in terms of capital cost. But, it may demand a serious infrastructure
investment for the creation of safe working space. It is dependent on the local safety requirements. These extractions might be risky. The reason is that hydrocarbons burn in a very easy manner in the gas phase.

There are a limited number of variables that one can adjust while doing the production of a light hydrocarbon extract. The easy operation of hydrocarbon extraction systems refers that the learning curve is relatively simple for operators. The reason is propane and butane which are highly volatile compounds. There may be a requirement for the removal of the solvent from the extract which refers to purging. This purge step is inclusive of heating the extract under deep vacuum conditions.

The extraction of ethanol has become enhancing popular. The reason is its low cost, clear designation, food-grade solvent, and speed of extraction. While ethanol is a less selective solvent than propane and butane, it will strip a huge range of compounds from the marijuana raw material. Most often extraction of ethanol has the requirement of coupling with the post-extraction purification process. It is for the removal of unwanted co-extractives.

Solvent removal does the representation of a significant time-consuming step as with light hydrocarbon extraction. Ethanol evaporation has the requirement of more energy in comparison to hydrocarbons. After that, during solvent removal, the huge majority of volatile aroma compounds will become lost from the extract.

If those compounds are not crucial to the end product, then this potential complexion is a non-issue. But, this may not be an ideal process if your formulations refer to leverage the entourage effect of terpenes & cannabinoids which are acting synergistically. The extraction of ethanol is risky and time-consuming. The reason is that ethanol has high-flammable. This method in turn also does the presentation of the challenge of co-extraction of chlorophyll, which is bitter. The concentrates are relatively safe for making and consuming after the ethanol becomes evaporated.

The extraction of supercritical CO2 (carbon dioxide) has risen to a place of distinction in the marijuana industry. Extraction of supercritical CO2 extraction is dependent on turning gaseous carbon dioxide into a supercritical liquid. It happens by the application of pressure and temperature until attaining a supercritical form of liquid.

The meaning of its steep learning curve & high capital spend is that it is not the ideal choice for some people. But, the depth of turnability that its solvent system affords serves the processor with a level of control. This control is on the produced extract that no other process can serve. This turnability is because of an exceptional property of CO2 in the supercritical phase. The operator can make changes in the solvent characteristics of the CO2 by controlling the temperature & pressure of the extraction. He can also design a process for the extraction of only compounds that meet the objectives of their end product.

CO2 extracts don't require further removal of solvent. The reason is that it evaporates from the extract when collected from the extractor. It signifies that the operator can do the capturing of the natural identical aroma profiles from their raw material. Marijuana extraction that comes with CO2 can do the removal of flavorsome marijuana compounds from the matrix of plants with higher yields and clearer cannabinoids. It is safe to do the consumption of CO2 extracts. Even the process of the creation of them can be costly.

An analysis is extremely crucial in the process of the development of optimized hydrocarbon extraction. If the main objective of the process optimization is simple efficiency and throughput. Then it is critical to do the determination of which temperature combination and vacuum pressure will result in the rapid removal of the solvent. That removal will be from extract for the achievement of a product that meets the regulatory specifications. There is a requirement of performing residual solvent analysis for determining this on finished samples. It is for determining that how much solvent remains.

If the outcome on a sample comes back above the regulatory specification. The process developer will have the requirement of enhancing the purge time. It will pull a deeper vacuum or will enhance the temperature of the purge.

Serving with a high level of terpenes might be critical for both to organoleptic and bioactive properties of the extract. This challenge makes the addition of complexity. The reason is the methods for the improvement of purge efficiency will also result in a huge amount of losses of terpenes. There should be an analysis of the terpene content and residual solvent content at different pressures and temperatures. It will be throughout the process of purge for understanding how long it will take to do the production of material within specifications.


Purification of post-extraction may range from simple filtration to more typical processes. For instance, chromatography or distillation. The simple filtration is also widely popular as winterization. Again, the requirements of the end product will drive these decisions. Winterization leverages melting point differences between the numerous components in an extract for precipitating undesired waxes at a decreased temperature.

Distillation can do the purification of extracts by the collection of fractions and selective evaporation with a high potency of cannabinoids. However, it can be along with low levels of undesirable components and desirable color.

Preparative-scale chromatography can do the purification of the compounds in an extract. It will be based on their affinity to the stationary phase within a chromatography column. This process will serve with high levels of cannabinoid purity that is upwards of 95% pure. Crystallization is a further process step the use of which is there for the preparation of homogeneous preparations of cannabinoids in crystal form and purity.


There can be complexity in the task of process development in the marijuana industry. The key to the development of an effective process is to have an overall understanding of the physicochemical attributes along with the end product.

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Question What Is Meant By Marijuana Concentrates?
Posted by: admin - 10-06-2021, 04:34 AM - Forum: Common Questions & Answer About CBD Oil - No Replies

[Image: what-is-meant-by-marijuana-concentrates.png]

Marijuana concentrates are the cannabinoids of the marijuana plant. The extraction of these cannabinoids takes place by making use of one of the extraction methods which are here as under. The manufacturing of these takes place by covering marijuana plant material with a solvent.

After that solvent has done the extraction of cannabinoids from the plant material. The evaporation of the solvent happens and leaves behind the extracted concentrated cannabinoid oil. Significantly they are more potent than marijuana flowers. And their applications in the form of medicine have proven to be diverse & effective.

It is a dangerous and complex process to do the extraction of marijuana concentrates. The methods which are necessary for proper extraction are so precise. It means those individuals who do the production of marijuana extracts particularly of high-quality marijuana are widely popular as extract artists.

The science of marijuana concentrate extraction is dependent on the solubility of the cannabinoids and other active ingredients of the marijuana plant. A huge variety of suitable solvents is available for the extraction of the active ingredients from marijuana. But, each of these is well-versed with the weaknesses, strengths, laboratory infrastructure requirements, and production-scaling considerations. The reason is that cannabinoids are not water-soluble. If there is any requirement of extracting them properly, then they must be dissolved in a solvent.

Solvents are those chemicals the use of which is to do the removal of the cannabinoids from the marijuana plant. When the submerging of marijuana flowers happen in these solvents. Then the dissolving of the terpenes, cannabinoids, and other active ingredients takes place into the solvent. The filtration of the remaining solid plant matter happens. Along with this purging of the liquid solvent and cannabinoid mixture takes place for the removal of all the solvents. This in turn leaves all the cannabinoids and other active compounds from the plant.

However, no solvent is perfect for the extraction of marijuana in every way. But the supercritical CO2 extracts and butane extracts are responsible for the production of a huge majority of the currently available concentrates.

Butane is non-popular. It facilitates the extraction of the desired terpenes & cannabinoids from marijuana. It happens without the co-extraction of the undesirables, for instance, plant metabolites and chlorophyll. The low boiling point of butane makes it easy for doing purge from the concentrate. It happens at the end of the extraction process. However, butane is widely popular for its combustibility. However, in terms of toxicity as well as low environmental impact, supercritical CO2 always gets appreciation for its relative safety.

There will be the requirement for a lengthy purification process for the removal of co-extracted constituents. For instance, plant waxes. These are capable of detracting from the final terpenoid and cannabinoid profile of supercritical CO2 extracts.

Ethanol is as efficient as butane, as effective as CO2. Usually, it is safe to handle it and it is generally popular as Safe, or GRAS. The reason behind this is that it is a polar solvent. It will mix with water. Along with this, it will dissolve the water-soluble molecules for instance chlorophyll.

Extraction methods with non-hydrocarbons

Dry Sieve

A dry sieve is the most natural & unobtrusive form of marijuana extraction. Because of the meticulous process involved in the removal of the cannabinoid containing trichomes from the plant matter, it has a low yield. There are numerous grades of dry sieve from a farmer sieve that are comprising plant contaminants. These most often refer to as kief up to Fullmelt Dry Sieve. These are generally comprising just the trichome heads. Kief is a mixture of stalks, plant material, glandular trichome heads, etc.

There are numerous ways for the achievement of dry sieved products. But, there may be the utilization of a single silkscreen or series of silkscreens in conjunction with agitation. It is for the separation of trichomes from the plant material.

Water Extraction

The process of water extraction is very much like the process of the dry sieve. The use of it may happen in conjunction with screens for carrying mechanically separated trichomes. It happens through micron-level screens. The manufacturing of water hash takes place by making use of agitation. It is for gently breaking off the trichome heads from the plant material.

Extraction Methods With Hydrocarbons

Butane & Propane

In the world of concentrate hydrocarbon extraction is a kind of fresh-squeezed juice. Arguably, hydrocarbons like propane & butane are the most efficient solvent for the extraction of marijuana. Butane is a kind of low-pressure system. The extraction in it takes place at 0-30psi. Butane is widely popular as the most commonly used solvent in marijuana.

Butane comes with a low boiling point that is about -0.5 degrees celsius. It is helpful in the condition of cold-boiling the residual solvent from the concentrate solution. This is a process that leaves behind the temperature-sensitive terpenes.

Numerous extraction terpenes give preference to blending their butane along with propane. It is for the preparation of a gas mixture that will strip additional terpenes. Along with this, it will purge more efficiently than butane alone. -42 degrees Celsius is the boiling point of propane. These solvents are non-polar, non-toxic, and they are used to dissolve oil efficiently. This happens for the creation of other unwanted by-products. Propane and butane dissolve all the terpenes and cannabinoids.

These solvents are cost-effective. It signifies that there will not any requirement of spending large amounts of money on supplies of extraction. But, instead of this, it happens on growing quality marijuana for extraction. Propane and butane purging which follows the extraction of concentrate is comparatively easy. The reason behind this is their boiling points which are lower than their room temperature.

The extraction of hydrocarbon takes place only in a proper lab setting. Butane is flammable and automated options are scarce. For instance, Ethanol and CO2 systems. Automated hydrocarbon extraction systems will bring improvement in quality. And these will reduce the price. The reason is that their internal monitoring systems and safety features have become more reliable.

Butane extracts do not have any requirement for winterization and filtration. The reason is that the extraction of the waxes or lipids and chlorophyll happens by making use of the low temperatures.


Hexane is a solvent just like butane. The use of it is for the extraction of marijuana concentrate. Hexane is entirely insoluble in water. But, the boiling of it usually takes place at a higher temperature than butane. However, the general process for the extraction of hexane is similar to that of butane extraction. It has the requirement of significantly more care. It is because considerably hexane is more toxic along with being potentially explosive & extremely flammable.


Acetone which is easily available as a degreaser and solvent evaporates quickly. It is widely popular as a solvent and for having low acute & chronic toxicity if it is ingested or inhaled. Acetone is having an international rating as GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) substance for food use. And the production and disposal of it happen in the human body through normal metabolic processes. 57 degrees Celsius is the boiling point of Acetone. Extreme flammability is the most hazardous property of acetone.

Isopropyl Alcohol

Isopropyl alcohol is a commonly used solvent for the creation of marijuana concentrates by making use of the quick wash method. Where on one side hexane is not water-soluble, on the other hand, isopropyl alcohol is extremely water-soluble. It will dissolve undesired plant materials, for instance, waxes and chlorophylls along with the sought-after cannabinoids.

There is a requirement of Quick Wash Isopropyl (QWISCO) for the production of extremely high-quality oil in under a minute. The use of a quick wash method takes place for the elimination of plant waxes from the isopropyl concentrate solution. The use of the quick wash method happens for this instead of soaking. However, the use of soaking happens with non-water-soluble solvents like hexane.

It takes relatively a long time to properly purging the concentrates. These are those concentrates that have been extracted with isopropyl alcohol because of the solubility in water.

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Lightbulb How To Breed, Grow & Dry Cannabis
Posted by: admin - 10-06-2021, 04:19 AM - Forum: Gardening General - No Replies

[Image: how-to-breed-grow-and-dry-cannabis.png]

Breed Cannabis: Breeding of cannabis plants happens with the desired compositions.

Grow Cannabis: It refers to growing cannabis plants under optimal conditions.

Harvesting or Drying Cannabis: If refers to drying of marijuana plants when the level of terpenes and cannabinoids are maximal or optimal.

Step 1: Selection & Development of the most suitable plant cultivar

You can grow the most suitable cannabis cultivar under the desired conditions. Probably these plants will be clones of a cultivar with low THC which is <0.5% & high CBD which is >5%. It is for isolation and purification. Highly qualified personnel has established this process for the selection & cultivation.

Growing marijuana plants under optimal conditions come after the selection of the correct plant cultivar. Before you go to grow cannabis, you must first determine the genetics of the plant.

Step 2: Harvesting of the bud material through the mature marijuana plants

When the level of cannabinoids in the bud material is maximal, the harvesting of the marijuana plant takes place. You can do harvesting of the fresh stems along with leaf & twig material at the optimal time. There will be the requirement of using microscopic assessment. It is for determining when the cannabinoid content of the trichomes is maximal.

Step 3: Drying & Milling of the bud material.

There will be trimming off the plant material for retaining all of the cannabinoid-rich buds and for the removal of any other material. For instance, stems, fan leaves, etc. You have to ensure that cannabis plant material is dry for the production of a product comprising <10% moisture.

After that, there is a need for milling and sieving of the dried plant material to a fine powder (1-2mm screen). There will be blending of each batch of dried marijuana powder to bagged and homogeneity, labeled &amp; stored at 4 degrees celsius. 100 kg of marijuana plants will do the production of about 20kg of dry leaf material.

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Information Medical Condittions Treated With Cannabis In Australia
Posted by: admin - 10-06-2021, 03:59 AM - Forum: Cannabidiol (CBD) Forum Announcements & Forum Help - No Replies

[Image: medical-condittions-treated-with-cannabi...tralia.png]

A large number of Australian people are making use of medical marijuana for the treatment of their conditions and diseases. Since the TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration) has given relaxation in its restrictions on the prescription in 2018 on medical marijuana. Healthcare professionals & patients are now taking cannabis as a treatment option into their consideration.

The legalization of medical marijuana signifies that cannabis has become a popular option for thousands of Australians. Those individuals who are suffering from particular medical conditions can now see doctors who are authorized for dispensing & prescribing medical marijuana.

Because of the legalization, over time there is an expectation of the reduction of illegal purchase and self-medication. This in turn will result in effective & safe use of marijuana as a tried & tested drug.

Those people who are suffering from intractable medical conditions may now consider medical marijuana treatment. It is the case when their other treatments become fail. However, still there are ongoing studies supporting the efficacy, potency, and safety of marijuana. There are thousands of Australian people who are making use of cannabis for the treatment of the following:

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a medical condition that is popular for affecting the spinal cord region and your brain. Symptoms are dependent on the severity of the disease. But, usually, these are inclusive of motor imbalance, tingling sensations, pain, spasms, and vision problems. According to extensive research studies, the utilization of medical marijuana extract has greatly reduced the intensity of spasms among multiple sclerosis patients. It has also alleviated pain without any adverse reactions.


Arthritis is a kind of debilitating medical condition which is greatly responsible for lowering the quality of life of patients. Patients have to suffer from chronic pain since arthritis is a degenerative or incurable disease.

During arthritis attacks, medical marijuana is effective for combating pain. Medical marijuana is not only helpful in reducing pain. But, there are a growing number of studies that reveal that medical marijuana may serve you with ease in your psychological pain.


Cancer is a kind of grim disease. It is responsible for almost 30% of mortality in Australia. However, medical-grade marijuana is not capable of the treatment of cancer. It assists in the reduction of severity &amp; intensity of symptoms. Thus, it enhances the quality of life among patients.

Medical-grade marijuana also comprises active ingredients which result in the stimulation of your appetite. It assists in the management of muscle wasting, weight loss, anorexia. A cancer patient experience all these symptoms.

Chronic Pain

Numerous people are suffering from long-term pain or chronic pain as a symptom of the disease. It is inclusive of cancer, arthritis, and neuropathy among numerous others.

In the pharmacological management of chronic pain, medical marijuana treatment is an option according to published research. Those individuals who are suffering from the disease Parkinson’s also report that they have seen an enhance in the comfort of up to 27% with the use of medical marijuana.

Other painful conditions that may benefit from the use of cannabis are:

  • Migraine
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Fibromyalgia
Those Australians have not found success in the treatment of their medical condition. Those people are also being prescribed medical marijuana treatment with drugs, routines, or traditional medical procedures.
  • Anorexia
  • Palliative care indications for patients with AIDs and cancer
  • Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
  • Spasticity from neurological conditions

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Information Reasons Why The Endocannabinoid System Fascinates Us
Posted by: admin - 10-06-2021, 03:47 AM - Forum: Medical Marijuana - No Replies

[Image: reasons-why-the-endocannabinoid-system-f...tes-us.png]

It is just a rumor that the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is in existence for the last 600 million years. The reason behind this is that ECS holds its presence in the earliest forms of life. These are sponges that have been around for a longer period.

It is that we were not aware of this until Dr. Robert Mechoulham has begun his groundbreaking work in 1960. It was on the exploration of endocannabinoids and cannabinoids that are responsible for forming part of ECS. It is also a bit unfortunate that the ECS has been excluded from the syllabus of medical school for several years.

What Creates The Endocannabinoid System?

An Israeli Professor who was working at the Hebrew The University of Jerusalem. In year 1964, he has done the isolation of a molecule in the marijuana plant. It has become the reason for healing relief to the human body that is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). He was curious about how the marijuana plant works for serving with the effects it has on the human body. This sets off the journey towards the discovery of the ECS.

But the use of marijuana dates back to ancient civilizations which have arisen from the banks of great rivers. For instance, the Indus River in India, Tigris & The Euphrates in Mesopotamia, and Hwang-Ho in China.

Before Mechoulam has begun his research work, herbalists were tapping already into the healing power of marijuana. After so many years, Mechoulam together with other scientists has discovered that the body has done the production of its cannabinoids. These act in the same way as plant phytocannabinoids. There could also be an augment in the reverse. Plant cannabinoids do the emulation of the actions and effects of endocannabinoids.

Another researcher Lisa A. Matsuda later in the 1990s has done the identification of the first cannabinoid receptor in the brain. It is a CB1 receptor, and it binds the endogenous cannabinoids along with plant cannabinoids, for instance, THC. Later in the year 1995, he has done the identification of the second receptor. The classification of these two receptors was as the CB1 & CB2 receptors.

The ECS of the body comprises of three major components:

  • Receptors spread throughout the body
  • Endocannabinoids
  • Metabolic enzymes which usually break down endocannabinoids
Learn about these components in detail:

Cannabinoid Receptors

The first identification was of the CB1 receptor, a component found predominantly in the central nervous system & brain. It is responsible for the modulation of the higher center functions. It does the achievement of this by doing interaction with cannabinoids.

After this,, the identification of the CB2 receptor has happened. You will predominantly find this receptor in the immune system. It is responsible for the modulation of immunity and other peripheral functions. It does the achievement of this by doing interaction with cannabinoids as well. In a healthy state, the CB2 receptor does not do too much. However, when the body is in a disease state, it kicks. Then it sets immune responses which are both protective & defensive.

Later the identification of a third and less commonly discussed receptor has happened is the GPR55 receptor. There have not been many studies done yet on this third receptor.

Phytocannabinoids found in marijuana are capable of interacting with cannabinoid receptors in exceptional ways. When they do this, they do the production of effects that are similar to those produced by endocannabinoids.


Endocannabinoids are molecules found in the body that are capable of interacting with cannabinoid receptors. They are comprised of polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from arachidonic acid. The primary endocannabinoid molecule is widely popular as anandamide or bliss molecule. The 2nd endocannabinoid is 2-AG or 2-arachidonoylglycerol.

There is being more investigation on endocannabinoids. And they are inclusive of N-arachidonoyldopamine (NADA) & 2-arachidonylglycerol. Anandamide binds to both the CB1 & CB2 receptors for assisting in supporting the ECS. It is also widely popular as the bliss molecule. The reason is that once it is released, it becomes the reason for extreme happiness.

However, as soon as the endocannabinoids have performed their role, they quickly get removed from circulation. This also explains that why anandamide, unlike THC does not become the reason for euphoria. If it was permitted for accumulating in the body, probably it would have made "make us high" in the same way as how THC can get one intoxicated.

2-AG also interacts with a lower affinity with both the CB1 &amp; CB2 receptor.

Metabolic Enzymes

As soon as endocannabinoids have completed their functions, they get removed from the system. The metabolic enzymes come into play for the achievement of this. FAAH is widely popular for being responsible for breaking down the anandamide. On the other hand, MAGL is responsible for breaking down 2-AG. If signifies that endocannabinoids do not do the accumulation in the body, unlike phytocannabinoids. Based on a need, endocannabinoid gets released.

Why Endocannabinoids Are Diverse From Other Neurotransmitters

Endocannabinoids are widely popular for working in a retrograde manner. It is different from how other neurotransmitters work. Brain cells send out chemical messages. These have been relayed from one cell to the next. And it usually controls our actions, feelings, and thoughts. Most neurotransmitters releases from a cell which is widely popular as a presynaptic cell. Along with this, they cross a synapse or gap forgetting to postsynaptic cells from where they trigger a definite action.

On the other hand, endocannabinoids work in the opposite manner. The release from the postsynaptic cells, and cross the synaptic junction for getting to the presynaptic cells. Here they bind to endocannabinoid receptors. This is the thing that signifies a retrograde mechanism.

The manufacturing of endocannabinoids happens on-demand unlike other neurotransmitters.

When endocannabinoids act in a retrograde fashion. It facilitates them for having control over the release of other neurotransmitters from the presynaptic cells. They work as a "dimmer switch" for regulating the release and functioning of other neurotransmitters.

The ECS & Homeostasis

Homeostasis is widely popular as the balance of the internal environment of the body. All physiological parameters are within limits in this case. It signifies that when the external conditions fluctuate, then the internal mechanism adjusts. It happens for ensuring that the internal environment has remained in check. For instance, when the external temperature enhances, the body starts mechanisms e.g. sweating. And this is the reason that the temperature of the body remains moderate. The same thing applies to hunger, hormonal level, and other crucial functions of the body.

The ECS is responsible for the maintenance in the body of homeostasis. With the assistance of the interaction of the endocannabinoid with endocannabinoid receptors. The body is capable of keeping all systems in check. Some crucial functions among those the regulation of which happens by the ECS are:
  • Memory
  • Temperature
  • Sleep
  • Immunity
  • Digestion
  • Mood
  • Motor control
  • Fertility
  • Appetite
  • Pain
The ECS works in a direct, purposeful, and targeted manner. For instance, when your body temperature is in the extreme range. The ECS kicks in for correcting that without influencing other systems. Once the endocannabinoids that are working through the ECS, have managed to do the restoration of the optimal temperatures. They have rapidly broken down by metabolic enzymes and have been removed from the system.

If they are left for persisting in the body. They might become the reason for an upset in the opposite direction of what they had just restored. This is the thing that is responsible for making the system unique.

On the other hand, phytocannabinoids work in a diverse manner. The reason is that they have not taken out of the body instantly. And they might end up becoming the reason for side effects. For instance, paranoia and euphoria among others.

It is crucial that the ECS functions optimally at all times. When there is a situation of the failure of the ECS, the classification of the resulting state may happen as an endocannabinoid deficiency.

Chronic Endocannabinoid Deficiency (CECD)

When the endocannabinoid system is in disarray. The body is likely to do the development of any of the conditions under the CECD umbrella. All these conditions have an interrelation between them. And these also have a link to a malfunctioning ECS. The common conditions in this bracket are inclusive of:
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Migraine
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
In the past, there was difficulty in the treatment of most of these conditions. Most often the traditional system has focused on the management of the symptoms instead of finding a cure. More studies on the ECS could serve as a breakthrough in the treatment of these chronic conditions.

Why The ECS Intrigues Us

Numerous things are intriguing about the ECS. For starters, it is confusing that how such a crucial system went unnoticed by scientists for a very long time. Also, it is interesting to learn about the potential of this system for influencing both basic functions as well as complex disease processes.

At last, it is fascinating that such a &quot;controversial&quot; plant for instance marijuana could have extreme potential for influencing such a vital system as the ECS.

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  A Complete Look At Cannabis And Depression
Posted by: admin - 09-21-2021, 12:48 PM - Forum: Medical Marijuana - No Replies

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If you have been feeling sadness, you have a lack of interest in activities that you once enjoyed. Then you might be suffering from depression. Depression is affecting approximately about 350 million people all over the world. This common mood disorder is the leading reason behind the disability of people worldwide. Yet numerous people who are suffering from depression don't get the required help.

Currently, there is an availability of numerous treatments. These are inclusive of oral medications and other different therapies. Researchers have begun to do the exploration of medicinal marijuana in the form of additional treatment. Given below you can learn more about the use of medical marijuana for depression, its benefits, and side effects.

Benefits of Medical Marijuana

  • You can make use of marijuana as a tool for pain management
  • Medicinal marijuana may serve you with relief from symptoms of anxiety
  • It is also widely popular as a potential treatment for vomiting and nausea which has relation to chemotherapy
Hawaii Journal of Medicine &amp; Public Health published a study in 2014. It has highlighted pain management as a potential benefit of medical marijuana. Participants in the study have reported that they have seen a 64% reduction in their pain while making use of marijuana. Numerous people have also experienced a reduction in their anxiety. And they have got a night of better sleep when they were using the drug.

There are also some other potential benefits which give you relief from:

Research is going on in these areas for determining the long-term and short-term effects of use.

Research on Cannabis & Depression

The evaluation is still in its early stages of medical marijuana for depression. Right now, the researchers share that the advantages are inclusive of the restoration of "normal" mood stabilization & endocannabinoid function.

Scientists have begun to look into medicinal marijuana as a possible treatment for depression. It is about depression the reason behind which is chronic stress. The Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) has been focusing particularly on brain chemicals that are widely popular as endocannabinoids.

These are chemical compounds that have been produced naturally. They play a crucial role in emotions, behavior, cognition, and control. They are also having a chemical makeup that is similar to that of marijuana.

The scientists have not conducted their studies on humans. Rather they have done it on animals. Yet they have discovered that chronic stress might surpass the production of the brain of endocannabinoids. They found that this may in turn lead to depression-like behavior.

The introduction of cannabis into the system may assist in the restoration of function and normal levels. This may make the symptoms of depression easy.

There is the requirement for more studies for the assessment of the real advantages and disadvantages of marijuana. As it is a potential therapy for those people who are having depression.

Risks & Warnings
  • The side effects of it might be different which is dependent on the method of consumption
  • There are mixed views on whether marijuana may be a reason for depression or the treatment of depression
  • The use of marijuana may trigger psychosis or schizophrenia in those people who are at higher risk of these conditions.
In a group that was surveyed about the usage of marijuana for chronic pain. 71% of people among those didn't report any major side effects. 61% of the people among them have reported suffering from throat irritation or cough.

There is not any clear proof that suggests that marijuana is the reason behind depression. However, there might be a link between the two. Some of the researchers suggest that regular or heavy users of the drug are diagnosed with depression. It is more often in contrast with non-smokers.

There is also a link between marijuana and other mental health conditions. If you are being at a high risk of psychosis. Then you must be aware that marijuana may trigger psychosis or schizophrenia. Psychosis is a very serious mental disorder. The characterization of it has done by a detachment from reality. Symptoms of it are inclusive of delusions and hallucinations.

The potential side effects of the use of marijuana may be dependent on the way you do the consumption of it. You can consume medical marijuana in the form of a spray, patches, or pill. Research is going on with traditional recreational methods. For instance, vaporizing or smoking.

Currently, there are certain researches which are making efforts. These are for figuring out if a particular extract which is widely popular as cannabidiol. It could serve you with mood-boosting advantages without leading to drug dependency or not.

Traditional Treatments For Depression

The treatment of depression is exceptional for you and it is dependent on the severity of your case. It is possible to successfully do the management and treatment of moderate, mild, and severe depression.

Mild depression may give a better response to psychosocial treatments. For instance, psychotherapy is also popular as "talk therapy". Usually, there is no recommendation of drugs as a treatment for mild cases of depression.

Psychological treatments are also a good first step for those people who are having moderate to severe depression. For instance, interpersonal or behavioral psychotherapy.

Antidepressants are another tool that some doctors use for cases related to more severe depression. For instance, tricyclic antidepressants along with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Drugs may carry potential side effects. So, you must make use of these under the supervision of a doctor. In addition to this, you must make use of antidepressants with caution in children and teenagers with depression.

Tools To Cope-Up With Depression

After you and your doctor have done the development of a treatment plan. Further, you can take steps at your home for coping up with depression:

Make efforts for cutting out extra stressors and responsibilities in your life. Give yourself room for breathing when you are feeling down.

Make addition of more structure to your day. When you have events you can set reminders on your phone or for others can't miss responsibilities.

Take journaling into consideration. It might be a healthy outlet for you to honestly and openly divulge feelings of sadness, fear, or anger.

Seek out groups that may assist you in mental health. Your church or employer may have an assistance program that can assist you. You can also check out the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance and National Alliance on Mental Illness.

Make efforts not to isolate yourself. However, it might be difficult when you are feeling low. If you have a support network then it might have a huge number of benefits.

Discover new and fun ways of relieving bad emotions and stress. It could be as simple as to a take a daily walk, trying meditation, or striking some yoga poses.

Final Thoughts

However, research in the field appears promising. But, there is a requirement for more work. It is for the assessment of whether medical marijuana is an effective treatment of depression or not.

If you have an interest in this potential therapy and live in that area where medical marijuana is legal. You must consider discussing this with your doctor. They can work with you for the determination of whether it is an option for you or not.

Your doctor can also serve you with guidance through other options for treatment. Together you can do the development of the best strategy for yourself.

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Heart Is CBD Safe For Cancer Patients?
Posted by: admin - 09-10-2021, 04:42 PM - Forum: Common Questions & Answer About CBD Oil - No Replies

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CBD which is also popular as Cannabidiol is one of the numerous chemicals which you will find in marijuana plants. There has been publicity of it as an alternative treatment in some online forums. It can even cure numerous kinds of illnesses which are including cancer. Some cancer patients claim that CBD has assisted them as a complementary therapy. It has assisted them in the management of their side effects and symptoms from standard cancer treatment.

Still, there is very little research around CBD and its uses for the treatment of people with cancer. Given below is what you should know about CBD. You will also come to know about what science is presently showing about it. Whether it is effective and safe to use for people who have cancer.

What is meant by CBD?

CBD is one of the hundreds of chemicals that you will find in flowering marijuana plants. CBD does not come with the mind-altering or psychoactive effects of another chemcial found in marijuana. It is popular by the name tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the chemical that serves people with the experience of a "high". On the other hand, people make use of CBD to assist themselves in easing anxiety, pain, and sleep issues.

CBD comes from marijuana plants which are widely popular as hemp. These are particularly grown with low levels of THC and high levels of CBD. Cannabis plants grown with high levels of THC are widely popular by the name marijuana.

CBD comes from oil which gets extracted from the cannabis plant. You can then ingest that oil as a liquid, a gummy, a capsule, or you can inhale through vaping. You can also add this as an ingredient in such kinds of products as skin patches and lotions.

Can CBD Assist People With Cancer?

Studies are underway for answering this question. Some scientists are conducting their study on whether CBD could serve them with instant relief on some of the side effects of cancer & its treatment. For instance, nausea, anxiety, insomnia, or pain. Other scientists are doing their study on whether CBD could potentially slow or stop the growth of cancer or not.

However, to date, no large-scale studies have shown that CBD is having any benefit for the treatment of cancer patients. Most studies that have been done in the laboratory for the evaluation of CBD as a cancer treatment were in human cells or mice. For instance, some studies conducted have stated shown that CBD does the stimulation of the growth of cancer cells in mice with colon cancer or lung cancer.

Other studies have shown that CBD together with THC has killed glioblastoma cancer cells in the lab. However, not a single study was conducted on cancer patients.

There have been some studies conducted that signify that CBD alone, or together with THC might serve you with relief, anxiety, insomnia, or pain. But, these studies were not particular to cancer patients. Where till date no study has shown that CBD serves with ease in these side effects particular to cancer patients. On the other hand, some patients with cancer have reported the benefits of taking CBD. For instance, assisting with vomiting, depression, nausea, and other side effects.

Your doctor might consider prescribing cannabinoids for the management of chronic pain according to ASCO guidelines. If you are living in a state where you will find it illegal. However, ASCO has given some guidelines which state that there is not sufficient evidence for supporting the use of cannabinoids. It is about the prevention of vomiting and nausea of patients with cancer who are receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

There are 2 synthetic marijuana medications, dronabinol (Marinol or Syndros) and nabilone (Cesamet). These are FDA-approved for the treatment of vomiting and nausea that is related to chemotherapy. The preparation of these medications happens in a laboratory.

Is CBD safe for Cancer patients?

You may find stories of people online who are discussing the advantages of CBD as the treatment of cancer. Or as the relief from the side effects of cancer. You must keep in mind that such personal stories, shared without scientific study, while may be well-meaning. And these do not comprise any evidence. There is still a requirement for proving the safety and efficacy of CBD for cancer patients. It must also have been proved in randomized, large, &amp; controlled clinical trials.

This is also crucial for you to note that some studies have shown that CBD might interrupt. It might interrupt how your body does the processing of cancer drugs which are popular as a drug interaction. This might in turn make the treatment of cancer more toxic. Or it can make it less effective. There is a requirement for more research on these effects. You must always tell your oncologists for these reasons if you are thinking to make use of CBD before you take it.

You might also be wondering if CBD is legal in your area. Some states facilitate the possession and sale of marijuana. It is inclusive of THC and CBD, for recreational and medical use. On the other hand, other states are having stricter regulations. So, you must always learn state-by-state laws before doing the transportation of CBD across your state lines. Things are even more complex at the federal level.

In addition to CBD oil, you can make use of hemp for making things like clothing and rope. In other words, you can have an understanding that no longer hemp is a controlled substance. It means that the regulation of it does not get done by the government. It refers that consumers have the requirement of doing the evaluate the quality & safety of CBD products by themselves. For instance, some CBD might possess much higher levels of THC than that is on the label.

If you are thinking to make use of CBD, then you must always consult with your doctor first. The reason is that the research does not yet provide support to the use of CBD in assisting cancer patients. Before doing consumption of it you must raise the topic with your doctor.

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Lightbulb How Often Can You Take CBD?
Posted by: admin - 09-10-2021, 04:31 PM - Forum: Common Questions & Answer About CBD Oil - No Replies

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CBD comes with numerous health benefits

Perhaps you have heard about the health benefits of CBD. But, the question is how much can you take to feel those? CBD or Cannabidiol is one of the more than 60 active compounds found in the marijuana plant. These active compounds are popular as cannabinoids which affect your body in numerous different ways.

CBD is not psychoactive. It signifies that you will not get "high" from this. In contrast, research suggests that it might assist you:

  • to reduce depression and anxiety
  • Improve sleep
  • Reduce seizures in people suffering from epilepsy
  • soothe inflammation and pain
  • Improve the health of the heart
  • Improve symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
It doesn't matter which condition you are trying to do the treatment. It is key if you serve yourself with a sufficient amount of dosage. Or it might also not work for you. It might be difficult for you to figure out how much CBD you must consume. The reason is currently the regulation of CBD is not happening by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA). There are also not any officially recommended dosages.

Given below is what you require to know about figuring out how much CBD you must take.

What the research state about CBD

CBD has been the subject of research over the past few years along with being a subject of a lot of discussions.

As this 2017 review states that big research states that CBD is a relatively safe treatment. The studies the analysis of which were in the 2017 review haven’t shown that there is any kind of universal dosage of CBD which everyone should consume. In contrast, it has signified the fact that different kinds of people have given responses to different dosages of CBD. Most human studies conducted make use of dosages which are somewhere between 20 &amp; 1,500 milligrams per day.

You must keep this thing in your mind that still there is too much about CBD about which we are not aware. Researchers are likely going to conduct more studies on marijuana as the marijuana industry grows. These studies are inclusive of hemp, marijuana, and its derivatives.

How you will figure out the correct amount for you

The amount of CBD you must take is dependent on a huge range of factors which are inclusive of:
  • your body weight
  • the condition you are treating
  • your individual body chemistry
  • the concentration of CBD in each kind of pill, capsule, drop, & / or gummy
In other words, there is a huge number of variables that you have to take into consideration when you are going to decide how much CBD you should take. You must ensure to talk to your doctor about the appropriate dosage and any potential risks before trying CBD. You must stick to the recommendation of your doctor if your doctor tells you about how much CBD you should consume. It is very crucial you are taking a prescription medication that consists of CBD. For instance, Epidlolex is a form of seizure medication.

If your doctor doesn't facilitate you with a recommendation, it will be best for you to begin with a smaller dosage. You can also gradually enhance the amount of it. It means you can start with 20 to 40 mg per day. You can enhance this amount by 5 mg after a week. You can also continue to make use of this until you feel that it is treating your symptoms effectively.

For instance, for the treatment of your severe pain, you might start off with 40 mg. When you are suffering from a lot of pain, you can take 40 mg on those days. You can enhance this amount by 45 mg after a week. And after a second week, you can enhance this amount by 50 mg. You might have a feeling at this point that your pain is bearable.

It might be wise enough for you to do tracking of how much CBD you are consuming. And you can also track whether your symptoms are going better. You can write it down on the notes app on your phone or on paper.

In short, you can start with a small dosage of CBD and you can enhance it gradually until you reach your desired effect. Your ideal dosage of CBD is dependent on a huge number of factors. For instance, body chemistry, body weight, and the condition you are treating. It is also inclusive of the concentration of CBD in that product which you are using for treating your product.

How to do the calculation of dosage

Some products tell you that how much is there in a single serving such as capsules, pills, or gummies. For instance, the packaging on a bottle of CBD capsules gives you an indication that there is 5 mg of CBD in each capsule.

The CBD oil will likely come in a dropper bottle if you are making use of it. The packaging might give you specifications on how much CBD is there in a single drop. You can figure out from there how many drops do you require to use.

It is harder to figure out sometimes that how much CBD is there in one drop. The reason is the packaging specifies the whole amount of CBD which is there in the entire bottle. But, it does not specify the amount of CBD that will be there in a single drop.

One drop contains about 0.05 milliliters. It is just a single drop, not a full drop.

It signifies that a 10 ml bottle of CBD oil contains 200 drops. And if that 10 ml bottle packaging states that the bottle of CBD comprises 1,000 mg of CBD. Each drop of this CBD oil is going to contain about 5 mg of CBD.

So, you must take about four drops of CBD oil for having 20 mg of that type of CBD oil.

Can I take too much CBD?

A 2011 review on the side effects and safety of CBD found that humans can well tolerate the continuous use of CBD. They can even tolerate it in high doses like 1,500 mg per day.

A 2017 update to this review has also given confirmation to this. However, a 2019 study was done on mice. It has raised some safety concerns about the potential of CBD for liver damage. These were along with their interactions with numerous other medications.

Currently, if you are taking medication and have a desire to try CBD, it is crucial to discuss it with your doctor. There are few popular side effects of CBD. However, these side effects are included of fatigue, appetite changes, and diarrhea.

If you have the desire for a quick and easy way for buying CBD, then you may find brands for CBD online. But, you have to ensure that before purchasing you do proper research on each brand. While pure and genuine CBD is popular as safe. On the other hand, low-quality and fake products might be dangerous for you.

FDA does not do the regulation of CBD. So, it’s upon you to ensure that you are only making use of high-quality products. You must look for products that are from a reputable brand along with third-party testing. And you must avoid companies which are having a history of inaccurate labeling.

Consult With Your Doctor

You must consult with your doctor when it comes to working out with dosage of CBD which you should take. However, all doctors will not be capable of facilitating you with information on CBD. The reason is that it is dependent on the laws available in your state.

Some doctors might be capable of facilitating you with high-quality brands or recommend your dosage. Before trying CBD, you must talk to your doctor particularly if you are currently taking any medications.

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Lightbulb The Beginners Guide to CBD
Posted by: admin - 08-24-2021, 08:34 AM - Forum: Cannabidiol (CBD) Forum Announcements & Forum Help - No Replies

CBD has become one of the highly popular wellness trends for hitting the scene since vitamin C. There is a reason that CBD has gone mainstream. We would like to think that it is nothing short of plant magic. However, the benefits of CBD are having more to do with science than sorcery as it turns out. If you are just doing the discovery of CBD and are to know about why everyone seems to take interest in it. Then we would recommend you for taking a deeper look at this beginner's guide to CBD.

What Is Meant By CBD?

CBD is a compound which you will find in cannabis. Many people make use of it for the achievement of their balance in body and mind and their overall well-being. There is an association of zero public abuse or health risk with it according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The marijuana plant or Cannabis Sativa L is highly complex. It consists of more than 500 currently identified chemical compounds. Of these compounds, there have classifications of more than 100 cannabinoids. One of these cannabinoids is CBD.

There are some widely popular cannabinoids which are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).THC is extremely popular for the "high" that most people get from cannabis. However, it doesn't serve you with the same psychoactive effects. And it will also not serve you with a feeling of stoned in the slightest.

CBD might come from the hemp plant or marijuana plant. Both these are forms of marijuana. But a hemp plant in the US must have less than 0.3% THC content. If you are in search of avoiding THC in your CBD oil, you have to ensure that you purchase hemp-derived CBD oil. There are some companies for instance Joy Organics, refine out even the trace amounts of THC. There you will find in hemp as an extra precaution.

What are the most common reasons people make use of CBD?

It is safe to say that someone whom you know is probably making use of CBD. You might have heard about it from your friend or family member. It might be that it keeps showing up on your social media feed. And you are trying to think what the hype is all about.

CBD has rapidly become the widely popular wellness supplement that the world has ever seen. And it also doesn't show any sign of slowing down. CBD has gone mainstream and its popularity is much greater than no one can expect.

Virtually no one had even heard about CBD before a decade ago. The demand for CBD has exploded these days. Almost daily new companies are hitting the market. And some of these do forecasting that the CBD industry will be worth $22 by 2022.

Why many people have jumped on the CBD bandwagon?

Scientific research and anecdotal evidence both show numerous reasons that why people are making CBD part of their everyday wellness routine. You may opt to make use of it for:

  • Promoting healthy skin
  • Maintenance of balanced mood all through the day
  • Sleep better at night
  • Supporting healthy muscles and joints
Honestly, there is no limit to the list of reasons for which people make use of CBD. While we might not make use of it for everything. We have seen some commendable outcomes in our lives. And lives of countless customers.

Are you thinking about how does it work? Let's take a closure look at this with us.

How does CBD Works?

If you are curious to know about how a compound from the marijuana plant can serve you with such beneficial effects. Then you must have an understanding of how CBD does interact with your body. When introduced to the human body, cannabinoids just like CBD are having exceptional effects on our physiological systems. Cannabinoids have been shown that these are having an intimate connection with the central nervous system. These also have an intimate connection with the immune system, reproductive system, and many more.

It all comes down to the way these cannabinoids interact with particular parts of the body. Especially with the ECS or endocannabinoid system.

Different Ways Of Taking CBD

Now you are having a better understanding of the science

Now you are having a better understanding of the science behind CBD. It is time to learn about the numerous different ways in which you can take it.

CBD is available in various forms. It facilitates individuals in finding a method that could best fit their requirements. Given below are the most common forms of CBD:

CBD Oil Tinctures

Taking CBD in the form of a tincture by people is the most common way. Typically it is a mix of CBD, flavoring, and carrier oil. You can take CBD tinctures in your mouth by making use of a dropper or you can add this to your food. These can come in a huge variety of strengths and flavors. It facilitates users in choosing an option that could work best for them.

Some people might opt to make use of a tincture on the skin. But because of being oily, it is not an ideal use of tinctures. Now Joy Organics tinctures are USDA certified organic.

CBD Capsules

Taking CBD in the form of capsules is another way of taking CBD. It facilitates with an easy-to-swallow method which is familiar to most people. It is just like taking a regular supplement to take CBD in the form of a capsule. You have to remember that capsules are having a long time of onset than tinctures. However, you get a bonus which is precise serving with every capsule you take.

CBD Edibles

CBD edibles are numerous food options that have been infused with CBD. The most popular CBD option is Gummies. These are not only good in taste but also facilitate a discreet way of getting a regular serving of CBD. There are also a huge variety of other CBD edibles that are in existence. These are inclusive of candy, gum, and cookies.

CBD Topicals

CBD topicals are salves, balms, creams, and lotions. These have been infused with CBD. The design of these is topically for supporting healthy joints, muscles, and skin.

CBD Vaporizers

Basically, CBD vaporizers are vapes. These are similar to e-cigs but these are also containing CBD rather than nicotine. Vaping CBD facilitates almost instant effects. But these effects also rapidly fade. Vaporizers are also a great option for those people who are fond of carrying CBD with them all through the day.

CBD has also made the way for it into pet care products, skin care products, and many more. The way you do the consumption of CBD comes down to your personal preference. These are along with the reasons why you are doing the consumption of it in the first place.

How Much CBD Should You Consume?

When we talk about taking CBD, how much you should take it is dependent on numerous factors. It is not necessarily better to take it more. When you are going to start your regular CBD regime, typically you will get recommendations to start with a lower side.

Most of those people who are new to CBD start very slowly. They do so by consuming as little as 5-10mg of CBD when they have a requirement of it. When you will start with low and when you will work your way up. It will facilitate you in finding the sweet spot for how much amount of CBD is suitable for your body.

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  Medical Marijuana In Australia: Legality & Uses
Posted by: admin - 08-21-2021, 07:44 AM - Forum: CBD News From Around The Globe - No Replies

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A registered doctor in Australia can legally prescribe medical marijuana. These doctors must apply for TGA approvals under Therapeutic Good Administration (TGA) guidelines. They must apply the specific uses of each patient of medical cannabis. Researches and trials of Australian medical cannabis throughout the world have shown medical marijuana to have potential in treatment.

The treatment might be of symptoms and conditions associated with childhood epilepsy, nausea, anxiety, chronic pain, etc. It might also cover a huge range of different neurodegenerative and autoimmune disorders. Under the TGA Special Access Scheme, some of these conditions are approved. However, depending on each individual patient numerous side effects may also apply with any medication. You can also further discuss this with your doctor.

Is Medical Marijuana Legal In Australia?

Medical marijuana is federally legal in Australia. The Australian government has amended laws in October 2016 for facilitating the legal prescription of marijuana medicines. Since legalization, the TGA has given approval to more than 46,000 medical marijuana applications (May 2020).

Those patients who have the desire of accessing legal medical marijuana can go to their marijuana specialist doctor or GP. The prescribing marijuana doctor will do the assessment of each individual case for suitability with supporting evidence. He will also do the processing of the application of medical marijuana patients. He will do it via Special Access Scheme (SAS) pathways.

Authorized Prescriber Can Prescribe The Medical Cannabis

Medical marijuana is eligible for prescribing only via the Authorized Prescriber Scheme. It is where the medical marijuana doctor is holding the approval for prescribing. He can prescribe medical marijuana to patients within his specialty i.e. nausea, vomiting, epilepsy, anxiety, and pain. Very infrequently the utilization of this pathway happens with most medical marijuana prescriptions. It includes those prescriptions whose processing takes place through Special Access Scheme Category B (SAS-B).

Medical practitioners process single applications through the SAS-B pathway for medical marijuana patients. They do so on the basis of their unregistered product and the particular condition that is going to be prescribed.

Medical Marijuana Is Federally Legal In Australia

However, medical cannabis is federally legal in Australia. Still, the majority of products are unregistered medicines. This means that the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG) has not done the evaluation of products. It has done so by taking into consideration the efficacy and safety to make them registered as a medicine in Australia.

It means there is no private health cover or no subsidies through Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. If the product which has been prescribed to the patient has not got listed on the ARTG. State regulations and approvals with this medicinal range can still apply.

In the coming years, Australia can have the expectation of seeing an expansion in the registration of medical marijuana formulations.

Legal Medical Marijuana in Australia

Medical marijuana is absolutely legal in Australia. However, sources of marijuana that have not been prescribed by a medical professional are still illegal. THC is a psychoactive compound in CBD cannabis oil. The classification of it is as Schedule B controlled substance and CBD hemp oil. The classification of other popularly recognized compounds in marijuana is as a Schedule 4 drug that has no psychoactivity. It is illegal to possess any compounds without a prescription.

What States Are Having Medical Cannabis?

All states in Australia are having legal pathways for accessing medical marijuana. It is because of the amendment to the Narcotic Drugs Act in 2016. The pathways for accessing medical marijuana are similar across the country. Patients of medical marijuana can engage their medical cannabis clinic in Australia or general practitioner (GP) for seeing their eligibility for medical marijuana oil. There are numerous nuances to the laws in different states regarding medical marijuana. It dictates the application required at a state level.

Medical Marijuana Trials In Australia

A huge range of mood disorders has also shown potential positive outcomes in the trials of medical marijuana. There is some evidence that shows that symptoms of mood disorders might be managed with medical marijuana and CBD oil formulations. Some outcomes are also there that have shown dose-dependent outcomes. There is a need for further research into how the application of medical marijuana can happen. It is the case in the treatment of psychological and mood disorders.

Researches show that medical marijuana might have advantages in other settings. For instance autoimmune conditions like Irritable Bowel Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Multiple Sclerosis.

The effects of medical marijuana, particularly CBD oil has got well documented. These were in the reduction of seizures for pediatric epilepsy patients, and for adults. In addition to this, there are some patients with medical marijuana who may find relief from sleep disturbances. It is the case with the application of medical marijuana formulations.

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